What to do about brown spots on your teeth?
Spots of brown contusion on the teeth are dominant. People can often control or eradicate them by making specific lifestyle shifts or desiring dental medicine.
These marks can differ in color from yellowish-brown to black-brown.
The form and size can vary. Some individuals may see irregular, blotchy patches, while others have brown lines.
This post examines what causes discolored spots to form on the teeth. We also explain ways to contain and remove them.
The next factors can guide to brown spots on the teeth:
Foods and drinks
Many dark-colored foods and drinks include chemicals named chromogens.
Like the tannic acid in red wine, these chemicals can degrade tooth enamel.
Over a period, these colors may evolve permanently, particularly if a person has insufficient dental hygiene.
Foods and drinks, including synthetic colors and dyes, can also push effective teeth staining.
Nicotine and tobacco products
These have particles that can adhere to tiny pores in the tooth enamel. The particles build up with reprised use and can taint the teeth.
Stains resulting from smoking, munching, or dipping becomes dimmer and more complex to extract.
The thousands of bacteria in the mouth constantly mix with saliva and food particles to form a sticky, sheer film called plaque.
We maintain levels of plaque under command by touching and flossing. Lacking oral hygiene induces plaque to harden into a more permanent coating called tartar or calculus. Once tartar has begun, only a dental specialist can remove it.
Aside from poor oral hygiene, the subsequent factors improve the chance of developing tartar:
- standing very ill, bedridden, or unmoving
- hormonal differences, such as those that happen during puberty, gestation, and menopause
- pills that reduce the quantity of saliva in the mouth, such as nerve blockers or command medications for AIDS
Plaque and tartar bacteria consume the sugars that pass via the mouth. They then have acids, which cut enamel. The broad, dark nature of plaque and tartar shows that these acids adhere to the teeth for long times.
As the acids weaken the enamel, the yellowish coatings of the tooth below evolve more obvious.
If the decline is intense enough, the acids can exhaust a hole, or cavity, through the tooth.
This will be darkly shaded. The teeth may then occur yellowish-brown.
Even small breaks and gaps in the teeth can let bacteria enter and decay.
Many people grow dark scars of decay around the edges of dental fillings or crowns when bacteria have penetrated through cracks.
Dental cavities are usually somewhat painful and can be painful when large. Decay constantly leads to heart or nerve openness, so these teeth are usually sensitive to cold or hot foodstuffs and beverages.
As people age, the white enamel that defends the teeth slowly stains, revealing the layers of yellow dentin underneath.
This natural approach can lead to yellowish-brown spots or large patches or discoloration.
Everyone’s natural tooth color is different, and some may be darker than others.
Other genetic factors include:
- the strength of tooth enamel
- how the enamel responds to pigments and acids
- how much wear and tear the enamel is exposed to
- hereditary conditions, such as dentinogenesis imperfecta
- developmental conditions that interfere with proper bone and tooth formation
Previous dental work
Dental fillings, crowns, and bridges eventually wear down and lose their color. Otherwise, the metal in fillings can transfer its color into the tooth over time.
Some medications cause tooth discoloration, particularly the antibiotic tetracycline and its relatives. This is common in young children.
Other medications associated with brown spots on the teeth include:
- glibenclamide (Glynase)
- chlorhexidine, a medicated mouthwash
This condition is caused by a disruption in development which causes enamel to be challenging but thin. The contours of teeth may contain chalky, white, or yellowish-brown patches.
Enamel hypoplasia can be acquired, but it is sometimes present from birth. In this case, it is called amelogenesis imperfect.
Common reasons and risk aspects for enamel hypoplasia contain:
- inadequate intake of nutrients, particularly calcium
- birth damage or premature birth
- viral and bacterial diseases, such as measles or chickenpox
- mother illness or malnutrition during pregnancy
- vulnerability to toxins and allergens
- fluorosis or the ingestion of fluoride
- tooth injury or impairment
Dental signs are usually the first noticeable symptoms of celiac disease. They often contain:
- patches or speckles of brown, yellow, or whitish discoloration
- fragile enamel
The issues often affect the molars and eyeteeth. They will appear on both flanks of the mouth.
Too much fluoride can degrade the enamel, mainly in children younger than eight.
This discoloration is named fluorosis. It may seem like white or greyish streaks across the teeth. In extreme cases, fluorosis can provoke dark brown spots and pits.
While signs may be similar to tooth decay, fluorosis is commonly harmless.
Touching the teeth with baking soda and water may annihilate stains provoked by eating and drinking.
The reason for brown spots on the teeth will choose the best treatment.
The following home remedies can stop stains generated by meals, drinks, or lifestyle routines such as smoking:
- Touch the teeth with a combination of baking soda and water every few days
- Rinse the mouth with a weakened hydrogen peroxide solution every day or for a few days. Constantly irrigate the mouth with water after that.
Considerable over-the-counter yields can eradicate tooth discoloration.
Somebody will usually notice results after 7 to 15 days, though there is no guarantee.
Some over-the-counter options include:
- whitening mouthwashes and rinses containing hydrogen peroxide
- whitening toothpaste containing sodium hypochlorite
- whitening strips containing carbamide peroxide
- tray whitening systems containing carbamide peroxide bleaching gel
If discoloration is provoked by tartar or medical circumstances, a person should visit a dentist.
A dentist or dental hygienist will use tools to scrape, shoot, or rub tartar and plaque away from teeth. A dentist may also complete minor procedures to whiten the teeth and prevent further decay. These contain bleaching and use topical fluoride.
The tooth bruise associated with the celiac condition is permanent.
Most stains and spots provoked by fluorosis or tooth decay are also irreversible.
For endless or stubborn brown spots on the teeth, a dentist may be capable of hiding contusions or preventing further discoloration with:
- white composite fills
They may also suggest modeling a nightguard or retainer.
Brown spots on the teeth may be controlled by rehearsing good hygiene, including flossing once daily.
The most effortless way to contain brown spots on the teeth is by practicing good oral hygiene.
The following tips may help:
- Touch the teeth with fluoride toothpaste for two minutes twice daily.
- Floss onetime.
- Flush the mouth with water or touch the teeth after consuming, mainly when feeds have included high amounts of sugar, chromogens, or tannins
- Utilize a fluoride-based mouthwash daily. This is not advised for children under 6.
- Regularly get dental cleanings and inspections.
- Prevent utilizing nicotine or tobacco products.
- Utilize a straw when drinking liquids other than water.
- Speak with a dentist about any practices that may damage the teeth, such as grinding.
The following can degrade the teeth and cut the enamel.
It is an ideal thought to avoid:
- sugary foods and beverages
- foods with unnatural coloring
- coffee and tea
- red wine and dark liquors
- dark fruit fluids
- citrus fruits and juices
- dark sauces, such as soy seasoning and tomato sauce
Some edibles can aid in strengthening enamel and stop discoloration. Those wealthy in roughage or fiber can help scrub bacteria and bits of plaque off the teeth.
Others form walls to plaque or contain chemicals that help neutralize the acids that weaken enamel.
Brown spots on the teeth are:
- Often the result of poor oral hygiene.
- Drinking many dark foods and drinks.
Spots on the tooth’s exterior can often be pulled and are easy to control.
Rarely brown spots on the teeth signal a medical illness. Or, they may be side results of medication.
If other symptoms attend brown spots or do not respond to over-the-counter medicines, a person should seek medical advice.
It is a good idea to speak with a dentist or doctor any time a person is unsure of the cause of discoloration.
Some of the home remedies listed in this article are available online.