What is Toe Nail Fungus – CAUSES And SYMPTOMS

What is FUNGUS: 

Fungi are a group of living organisms having a body called mycelium made up of hyphae which are coenocytic ( multi nucleated), non- chlorophyllous and have a cell- wall of fungal cellulose.

According to the old concept, fungi were considered as plants and placed in thallophyta but now have been assigned a separate kingdom the FUNGI.

Fungus grow in damp and dark environment. The over growth of fungus can contribute in several fungus infections. The most common fungal infections include;

  • Onychomycosis (tinea unguium)
  • Jock itch (tinea cruris)
  • Athelete’s foot (tinea pedis)
  • Ring worm (tinea)
  • Yeast infection (Candidiasis)
  • fungal meningitis

 

ONYCHOMYCOSIS (Toe Nail FUNGUS):

Onychomycosis or scientifically known as tinea unguium refers to overgrowth of fungal infection that mostly affects toenails or fingernails.

 

CAUSES:

The major causes that plays a crucial role in development of Onychomycosis are mentioned below:

  • Excessive growth of fungi in or under the nails.
  • Poor hygiene
  • Having Contact with someone who is affected by fungal infection.
  • Using poorly sanitized tools (nail clippers, foot tub, fillers)
  • Wearing wet and old socks or shoes
  • weakened immune system
  • associated with conditions like AIDS (acquired immune deficiency), diabetes
  • having a bad experience of athlete’s foot (tinea pedis)

 

SYMPTOMS:

Risk factors which contribute in production of Onychomycosis

 

  • Brittle or thickened nails.
  • Discoloration or yellow nails.
  • Crumbling corners
  • Loss of nails
  • White or yellow spots on nails.
  • Scaling under the nails.
  • Experiencing great pain and irritation

 

PRECAUTIONS :

Nail fungus can be prevented if given proper attention and care. If not treated properly it can go from mild to chronic to permanent nail damage. You can also try some natural remedies and anti-fungal tropical treatments. There are some fungus removing supplements which actually work if you consume them. The following practice can help you recover from nail fungus or other fungal infections.

 

  • Proper hygiene habit is the first step for the prevention of nail fungus.
  • Properly cleanse your hands and feet at least twice a day.
  • Keep your nails properly manicured and trimmed.
  • Use a sanitizer to avoid bacteria.
  • Visit salons that use sterilized and clean tools for each customer.
  • Discard previously worn socks and shoes.
  • Avoid walking barefoot in gyms, pool areas, and locker rooms.
  • Wear light and sweat absorbing socks and clothes.

 

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